如何保障“租”有所居

易发彩票网

2018-07-03

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  □□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□殴打是赤裸裸的暴力,应当排除没有问题。其中任何一把掉落,分享经济都将面临生死大考。-□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□_”喻国明说。6月19日,九三学社中央理论学习中心组举行第六次集体学习,交流对当前意识形态工作的认识和体会!酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢酢/p>□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□如果不带偏见地重新审视近代文学和翻译,就会发现此前来华的西方传教士,在运用汉语翻译基督教经典时,已经多次尝试运用欧化白话文来译介诗歌,但这些尝试一直没有进入我国文学史家的视野,其彰显的现代性有意无意地为历史所压抑或遮蔽。□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□□本文这一部分,将对这些名词进行梳理和分析。如何保障“租”有所居

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长期以来,由于缺乏政策、服务与资金支持,我国住房租赁市场发展缓慢,难以满足广大城镇居民“住有所居”的需求。 必须通过政府和企业共同努力,不断深化住房制度改革,从制度建设、金融支持、服务保障等方面入手,多措并举,为住房租赁市场的长期、、稳定发展保驾护航,才能补上短板,实现租售“两条腿”走路。

作为解决“住有所居”重要途径的住房租赁市场,在2017年实现重要突破。

通过整合,各地租赁住房供给稳定上升。

数据显示,2017年我国住房租赁市场租金规模约为万亿元。

在日前举行的“住房租赁新时代”研讨会上,中国房地产业协会会长刘志峰说,加快发展住房租赁是深化住房制度改革的重要内容,是实现“住有所居”的重要途径,对改善城镇居民住房条件、解决大人口住房问题,尤其对解决新市民、新就业大学毕业生和各类人才的住房需求,具有重要和现实的意义。 如何看待住房租赁在我国的发展?住房租赁还有哪些问题亟待解决?住房租赁前景如何?围绕这些问题,经济日报记者采访了几位专家。

两省两市需求接近发达国家——市场大但整体发展不成熟为什么要大力发展住房租赁市场?多年来,我国房地产市场有了较大发展,但目前市场仍以售卖为主,住房租赁则发展较慢。

租赁占比高是大城市住房市场的典型特征,因为租赁需求在大城市表现较为明显。

住房与城乡建设部政策研究中心主任秦虹列举了一组数据:两省两市租赁市场的规模和发达国家已经非常接近。 “两省”是广东省和浙江省,城镇家庭中分别有47%和41%的家庭是租房居住的。

“两市”是北京和上海,分别有%和%的家庭是通过租赁解决居住需求,已达到发达国家租赁市场的规模,远远高于全国%的平均水平。 这表明中国大城市的租赁市场非常庞大。

要解决住房问题,就需要租售“两条腿”走路,补齐住房租赁这个短板。

秦虹说,我国住房市场虽然规模很大,但还远不够成熟,其中主要原因是租赁市场发展不够成熟。 秦虹认为,租赁市场主要存在4个方面问题:一是租赁关系不够稳定,影响了很多人的租赁意愿。 二是中介服务不规范,导致交易成本高、风险大。 租赁市场的很多房源信息可能是假的,还会遇到很多事情被隐瞒的情况,比如缺乏诚信、扣留押金、违规“群租”等。 三是市场发展不成熟,机构租赁尚处于起步阶段。 四是政府支持和服务欠缺,监督管理不到位。

目前市场上有很多“黑租”,目的是为了逃避交税。 过去几年,政府为了发展租赁市场,降低了一些租赁税费;但对于机构租赁,税还没有完全降下来。

对于机构租赁的金融服务也缺乏有效支持,缺乏相关金融政策和工具。 系列政策将陆续落地——找准短板大步前进2018年将是住房租赁市场继续大踏步向前推进的一年。

北京市提出要建290万平方米已供地的共有产权住房,将30%的住宅增量配租给新市民;上海市计划到2018年底,实现新增租赁房源计划开工和转化总量20万套、新增代理经租房(指1958年前后由政府统一经营出租的私有房产)房源9万套;厦门市新开工万套、新增供应8000套租赁住房;天津、青岛、无锡等城市降低落户门槛,制定人才租房落户政策。 刘志峰说,随着各个城市租赁政策落地,大型房地产企业、专业化租赁机构必须在的所在城市,抓紧土地、金融、房源方面的对接,重点探索有效的盈利模式,并且解决专业人才短缺、运营经验较少、行业集中度低等问题。

刘志峰建议,一要推动制度建设,加强行业引导。

除了允许将商业用房按规定改建为租赁住房外,要进一步明确工业和办公用房改建为租赁住房的具体措施。 二要促进金融创新,拓展融资渠道。

鼓励房地产企业以租赁或购买的方式获取市场上的闲置房产,开展住房租赁业务。 三要充分利用资本市场,支持符合条件的住房租赁企业发行债券等产品。 四要实施分类指导,实现职住平衡。

结合城市规划,由政府牵头,房地产企业和专业化租赁机构参与,在大型工业园区、商务集中区周边建设经济型公寓。

在中国房地产估价师与房地产经纪人学会副会长兼秘书长柴强看来,解决当前租赁市场的问题,要重点扶持和大力发展面向新市民和家庭的住房租赁市场。 要重视居民住房出租市场的发展和规范,特别是规范住房租赁经纪行为。

从发达国家和地区的经验来看,居民住房直接或通过房地产经纪出租仍然占主体,所以传统租赁方式不能忽视,仍需要规范发展。 同时,既要提高人们的租住意愿,又要提高人们的出租意愿。 要平衡好出租人和承租人的权利义务关系。 要减轻住房出租税费、增加住房持有成本,引导人们将闲置住房拿来出租。 寻求可持续发展模式——政府企业须形成合力“发展租赁市场离不开政府和市场,需要政府和企业双方共同努力。 ”秦虹认为,政府最重要的是完善各项服务体系建设,首先要通过立法完善法律法规来保障租赁各方的权益。

法律应该更加细化,切实保障租赁双方权益。

其次是建立住房租赁信息服务平台。

目前虚假房源信息太多,不诚信的黑中介扰乱市场,政府应发布真实透明租房信息,为租客提供选择的渠道。 再次是明确住房租赁机构的行业定位。 如果不明确住房租赁机构的行业定位,很多政策之间互相掣肘的现象就会出现。 同时,还要落实好承租人享受均等化公共服务的权益。 现在很多地方提出租售平权、租售同权,但实际上并非真正意义上的租售同权。

最后,要推动中介服务专业化、规范化。

租赁市场的发展离不开中介服务,中介队伍素质的高低,直接影响着租赁市场的规范程度。

秦虹认为,对企业来讲,未来一方面要提高专业化水平,在行业里积累更多的经验和人才;另一方面还要提高盈利能力,降低成本,实现盈利,如果没有盈利作为保障,企业就将难以实现可持续发展。 清华大学房地产研究所所长刘洪玉认为,实现高质量住房租赁,未来还有很多问题值得研究探讨。 比如,如何满足家庭在不同生命周期、发展阶段的不同住房租赁需求?租赁住房的质量如何保证?租赁住房需要什么样的社区环境,需要哪些配套服务?租赁住房的供给方主要来自政府公租房、房地产商开发的产权房、公寓类企业,相互之间应该形成何种支配关系,到底应该发展哪类租赁,等等。

责编:季冉冉。